2016年 04月 04日

形容词(adjectives)排列顺序,你写对了吗?

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英文里对形容词(adjectives)的定义是什么?

英语形容词就是用来形容名词的单词,它们提供关于人、事、地和物的额外信息。例如:
The large man sitting beside me called for the flight attendant.
The flight attendant was very attentive and polite.

善用英语形容词能使句子更加生动,来比较下方两个句子就知道了:
The birds flew out of the window and into the sky.
The little black birds flew out the window and into the bright blue sky.
相比第一句,第二句提供了更多详细信息,所以我们在阅读时能想像出更具体的景象。

英语形容词(adjectives)排列顺序

当同一句中出现多个形容词时,请依照下方的顺序将其排列:

  1. Quantity (how many of it): Few, several, many, five, 100, etc.
  2. Opinion (the value of the noun): Exquisite, charming, ugly, difficult, easy, friendly, etc.
  3. Size: Big, small, short, tall, etc.
  4. Condition/ State: Dry, wet, hungry, shiny, cracked, slippery, etc.
  5. Age:  Young, old, 10-years-old, new, etc.
  6. Shape: Round, obtuse, square, triangular, etc.
  7. Color: Red, blue, green, etc.
  8. Pattern (the pattern or design it was made with): Checkered, spotted, plaid, etc.
  9. Origin (where it is from): American, African, Asian, European, Martian, etc.
  10. Material (what it is made of): Glass, wood, plastic, concrete, etc.
  11. Purpose (what it is used for): Shopping, training, walking, etc.

英文里利用逗号和连接词来连接形容词(adjectives)

当两个以上的同类别形容词出现时,善用逗号和连接词像是and 来连接这些位置可互换的形容词。例如:
The man in the red and yellow shirt was waiting outside the door.
She was a lively and carefree person.
There was a cold, hungry look in his eyes.

同样类别的形容词中间的逗号当然也可以删除,但这可以会改变原意,例如:
“There was a cold, hungry look in his eyes.”

有逗号时的意思是: He had a cold look in his eyes, and he had a hungry look in his eyes.
没有逗号时的意思是: He had a hungry look that was cold.
在英文文法中使用逗号要格外小心。

延伸阅读
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英文学术论文写作常见错误之标点符号
英文学术论文写作常见选词错误
了解常见英语语法错误,精进英语写作!

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