2016年 03月 11日


Wordvice China


1. Read – write – read – write – read – write – read – write – read – write – read

 What does this mean? It means that you should go back and read the paragraph you have just written before you start the next one. You may think that this is a waste of time. If so, you’d be wrong.
– It’s important to link your paragraphs together
– what more practical way to do that than just read what you have written?
– It helps you with words for the next paragraph – it is good to repeat some words as this improves your coherence.


  • 把你的段落连接起来是很重要的
  • 还有什么比读你写的东西更实用的方法呢?
  • 它可以帮助你为下一段提供词汇–重复一些词汇是好的,因为这可以提高你的连贯性。

2. Don’t be smart, be clear – select your best idea 

The practical advice here is to select your best idea and write about that. That means not writing everything you know – leave some ideas out. Don’t worry if it is not your best explanation, worry about whether it is your clearest explanation.


3. Write about what you know – relax about ideas 

This is a similar idea. Some people stress about finding ideas. They shouldn’t. The ideas you need are generally simple (eg”I disagree”, “This is not a good idea”).

The practical solution is to think about what YOU know and what YOUR experience is. If you look at the question, this is what it tells you to do. If you come from Bonn, write about Bonn; if you come from Ulan Bator, write about Ulan Bator!

这也是一个类似的想法。有些人强调要找到想法。他们不应该这样做。你需要的想法通常很简单(例如 “我不同意”,”这不是一个好主意”)。


4. Examples are easier to write than explanations 

You want to make things as easy for yourself as possible. One practical idea to achieve this is to focus as much on examples as explanations when you write. Why?

It’s simply harder if you only think “because”. Some of the ideas may be very complex and, under pressure, it can be difficult to explain these with reasons. What may happen is that your sentences become too long and the ideas confused. The practical bit is to concentrate as much on examples. This is a good idea as examples tend to be easier to write as you are simply describing situations. All you need to do is make sure that your examples are relevant to the main idea.


如果你只想 “因为”,那就更难了。有些想法可能非常复杂,在压力下,可能很难用理由来解释这些。可能发生的情况是,你的句子变得太长了,而且想法也很混乱。实用的一点是尽可能多地集中在例子上。这是一个好主意,因为例子往往更容易写,因为你只是在描述情况。你所需要做的就是确保你的例子与主旨相关。

5. Don’t write too much – the examiner is paid by the minute 

Examiners will only spend so much time looking at any essay. Write too much and they will read what you wrote “less carefully”.

The more you write, the more likely you are to make language mistakes.
The more you write, the more likely you are to go off topic. The examiner won’t read/grade anything that doesn’t directly relate to the question.
If you write less, you give yourself more time to choose the best words – and that’s what you are being graded on.
If you write less, you give yourself more time to go back and check what you have written.

考官只会花这么多时间看任何文章。写得太多,他们会 “不太仔细 “地阅读你写的东西。





6. Writer – know yourself 

The idea is that you should check for your mistakes when you write. The practical part here is that you shouldn’t check for mistakes generally. The really practical thing is to have your own checklist in your head before you start writing.


7. See the whole essay in your head before you start writing 

It’s very important that your essay is a whole – that all the bits fit together. If you don’t do that, you may lose significant marks for both coherence and task response.

This means planning of course. Planning bothers some people and bores others. There are different ways to do this, but at the very least have a map of your essay in your head.



8. Focus on the backbone of your essay 

This is a related point. All the essay matters of course, but perhaps some bits matter more than others. I’d suggest the practical thing to do is concentrate on the backbone of your essay, the bits that help you write better and the examiner to understand better. The backbone is: The introduction: this should identify the question and outline your position. Don’t rush it as it is the first thing the examiner will read. First impressions count.

The first/topic sentences of each paragraph: these should be clear and to the point. They should identify exactly what that paragraph is about and show how it relates to the rest of the essay. The practical tip is to keep the detail/clever ideas for the body of the paragraph. Start off general and then build towards the specific.
The conclusion: this is the easiest part of the essay normally. Most often, all you need to do is go back to the introduction and rephrase it.
Get these bits right and the rest of the essay tends to take care of itself.





9. Don’t just practice whole essays 

You do need to practise writing complete essays, but it may be a mistake to do only that. The different part of essays require slightly different skills. To write an introduction, you need to be able to paraphrase the question. To write a body paragraph, you need to be able to explain ideas. To write a conclusion, you need to be able summarise. The practical suggestion is to practise writing introductions, body paragraphs and conclusions separately. Focus on skills.


10. Focus on the question and refocus on the question 

Leaving this one to last as it is the most important idea. Essays go wrong for different reasons. Some of these you may not be able to avoid: the quality of your English may not be good enough yet. The one mistake you can always avoid is that you didn’t answer the question. Too many essays go wrong because candidates didn’t read and think about the question properly. The practical suggestion: before you write each paragraph, refer back to the question to remind yourself about what you are meant to write about.

You may start off on topic, then you have a “good idea” as you write. So you write about that. Sadly, that “good idea” may not fully relate to the question. Big problem.


你可能一开始就想好了主题,然后你在写的时候有了一个 “好主意”。所以你就写这个。可悲的是,这个 “好主意 “可能与问题不完全相关。大问题。

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